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Blood Test For Prostate Cancer Screening

Blood Test For Prostate Cancer Screening

Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of deaths caused by cancer. Annually, about 29,000 guys perish in the U.S. from cancer of the prostate. Early discovery with regular screening followed promptly with proper treatment could prevent several departures. The failure on the part of some physicians to recommend routine prostate cancer screening with their male patients and also to follow up on abnormal test results may represent medical malpractice.

Screening for prostate cancer

Blood Test For Prostate Cancer Screening

Blood Test For Prostate Cancer Screening

Cancer practitioners typically advocate that men between the ages of 50 and 75, even those without any symptoms, needs to be screened for prostate cancer. Guys having a single first degree relative (like a dad, brother, or son) diagnosed with cancer of the prostate before age 65, or of African American ancestry, are at higher risk and ought to be screened beginning at age 45. Guys with multiple first degree relatives diagnosed at a young age are at even higher risk and ought to start screening at age 40. Screening includes annual:

o digital evaluation evaluation

o PSA and

The PSA test is a blood test that measures the level of prostate specific antigen, an enzyme which is generated by the prostate and discharged to the blood stream. An elevated amount of the enzyme could signal the existence of cancer. Typically, PSA evaluation leads to the number of 0-4 are regarded as being within the standard range for the majority of guys. These amounts can be further refined by such variables as the individual 's age.

The electronic evaluation is conducted by briefly inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum to feel the back wall of the prostate. This process enables a physician to test for the existence of nodules in the prostate.

An unusual digital assessment or a PSA test result higher than 4.0 should raise the feeling that prostate cancer may be present. At these times, the individual should, in least, be advised of the chance the unusual test results might suggest the existence of cancer and of choices for additional testing, like a TRUS guided biopsy, to verify whether cancer is within the prostate.

The progress of the prostate cancer is monitored through periods

After the cancer is diagnosed, the progress of the cancer is categorized with a four-degree staging system:

o Phase 1 (also called Phase A): The cancer just isn't palpable to the touch.

o Phase 2 (also called Phase B): The cancer is palpable but is confined to the capsule.

o Phase 3 (also called Phase C): The cancer is palpable and has spread outside the capsule, but no farther compared to seminal vesicles.

o Phase 4 (also called Phase D): The cancer is palpable and has spread to the bone or other organs. 


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